The LNM Institute of Information Technology

Efficient Ternary Polymer solar cells based ternary active layer consisting of conjugated polymers and non-fullerene acceptors with power conversion efficiency approaching near to 15.5%

Ternary polymer solar cells employing two polymers (P2, PTB7-Th) and one non-fullerene small molecule acceptor (Y6) were constructed using a conventional structure. The PTB7-Th, P2 and Y6 exhibit complementary absorption spectra therefore, the ternary blend consists of these three can maximize the photon harvesting efficiency which is advantageous to boost of short circuit current density of polymer solar cell. After the optimization of the weight ratios between the two donors and keeping constant the weight concentration of acceptor and following solvent vapor annealing in THF for 40 s, P2:PTB7-Th: Y6 (0.3:0.7:1.5) based polymer solar cells attained the power conversion efficiency of 15.46%, superior to that for polymer solar cells based on binary active layers i.e., P2:Y6 (12.62%) and PTB7-Th:Y6 (12.84%), respectively. The open-circuit voltage for the P2:PTB7-Th:Y6 is about 0.88 V which is in between the values for P2:Y6 (0.94 V) and PTB7-Th:Y6 (0.85 V), consistent with the different highest occupied molecular orbital energy level for P2 (−5.38 eV) and PTB7-Th (−5.27 eV). The enhancement in the short circuit current may be associated with the broader absorption profile of the ternary active layer relative to binary counterparts while the enhanced value of fill factor may be originated from the balanced charge transport, suppressed recombination, and faster charge extraction.

Autor(s): Ganesh D. Sharma, Rakesh Suthar, A.A. Pestrikova, A.Y. Nikolaev , F.C. Chen, M.L. Keshtov